In 2018, primary school students pointed out the mistake of Journey to the West. Expert: Wu Chengen is not to blame

2022-07-15 0 By

In the long history of our country, countless amazing figures have made remarkable achievements in literature: songs of the Chu Dynasty, Fu of the Han Dynasty, Poems of the Tang And Song dynasties…Almost every dynasty had leaders who promoted the field of literature, and the most popular literary work of the Ming and Qing dynasties was certainly fiction.And journey to the West, the most popular and most frequently adapted mythological novel, has accompanied countless people through their childhood.Almost everyone from eighty years old to three years old knows several stories about Journey to the West.FIG. 1 Journey to the West is undoubtedly an outstanding magical novel full of fantastic ideas. As one of the best Chinese novels, few people doubt the rationality of its plot.But three years ago, a fifth grader questioned journey to the West in her reading notes and pointed out the mistakes she found in class.After the scandal broke, the girl was not criticized by netizens, but praised by experts for her tone of questioning.What fault did the pupil point out that experts could not contradict her?As we all know, Journey to the West has not only been published as a children’s book, but also has been translated into many languages and is famous abroad.In December 2018, a fifth-grade Chinese teacher at Jiulian Primary School in Hangzhou gave her students a special assignment to write an essay on the journey to the West in order to improve their reading comprehension.FIG. 2 Children are at an age when their imaginations run wild, and they tend to view problems from the opposite Angle to adults.While correcting these notes, the Chinese teacher of Class 5 (3) found that the reading notes written by a student named Ma Siqi were very unique, and the note was named: “I read journey to the West -” Banquet Dishes on the Road to the West “.Different from the yearning and longing of other children in the class for the journey to the West, Ma Siqi analyzed this note from the food and banquet dishes eaten by the master and his disciples on the journey.She carefully analyzed the food on the table of Tang Monk and his disciples every time they attended the banquet, but found that the food was highly similar. No matter where they went, rice was often the staple food when they ate, and huaiyang dishes were more frequent.Even after the devil people caught tang’s monk, please his hands, brothers to eat the big dinner and human banquet are almost the same.Take our country as an example. The staple food of people in the north is mostly flour, while rice is the main food of people in the South.Even the diet of the north and the south of China is very different. Monk Tang and his disciples have traveled thousands and thousands of miles to get buddhist scriptures. There are so many countries and regions with completely different regional customs.FIG. 3 She dared to ask her own question, writing: “Have you ever noticed that no matter how wonderful the author writes, the dishes are all the same?”Then he cited several fragments from the original journey to the West to prove his point of view.For a fifth grader, Ma Siqi’s note is undoubtedly excellent. It is not only clear and well-reasoned, but also shows his profound knowledge accumulation between the lines.After reading her article, the Chinese teacher gave her an “excellent” evaluation.A few days later, the teacher told the students in class the article “The Monkey King is Born”. Many students in the class began to discuss the plot of “Journey to the West”.In order to arouse students’ interest in learning and maintain class discipline, the teacher decided to ask students to raise their hands to answer the questions.After several students had shared their ideas, the teacher asked, “Everyone has said a very good point. Do you have any other ideas?”Still hesitating at the teacher’s words, Masiki raised his hand.”Come on, Si Qi, what do you want to share with us?”She stood up and said in a clear and firm tone, “Teacher, I find there is a mistake in journey to the West!”Picture 4 As soon as the words fell, the students in the class could not help themselves. “How could it be?””What is it?One stone caused a thousand waves, the class of students fell over each other to discuss this sentence in a whisper.As the students began to riot, the teacher reminded them, “Keep quiet. Let Si Qi tell us what he found, and we’ll continue the discussion.””People in Journey to the West always eat rice at any time, which I think is unscientific…”When Ma Siqi finished her speech, all the students in the class applauded for her, and the teacher also gave her special praise, “Si Qi can find problems from different angles when reading, which is a great performance.Everyone in the next time, also want to learn from Siqi!”Accumulate knowledge and dare to question. The reason why Ma Siqi has so much knowledge reserve and verbal expression ability is due to her good reading habits and long-term persistence.Her mother Ge Yan likes reading very much. Under the influence of her mother, she began to read independently at the age of five.Encouraged by her mother, she began to learn to take reading notes, and looked up new words in the dictionary or asked her mother for advice.If I come across interesting fragments, I will outline them and leave some of my own comments and reflections.As she read more, she became far more literate and knowledgeable than her peers.Picture 5 Because of reading many different kinds of books, Masiki knows that the world is very big, and each place has different characteristics and customs.She knew that The climatic conditions in China were very diverse. After setting out from Chang ‘an, Tang Monk traveled all the way west, through Central Asia, Afghanistan, Pakistan and other countries. After many twists and turns, he finally reached India, the so-called “Holy Land in the West”.Throughout the journey, tang Monk and his disciples ate vegetarian dishes and rice because Tang Monk, as a monk, had to abstain from meat.The rice they eat every day is the biggest hole in the story.Not to mention Afghanistan and other countries, even dunhuang, China and other places he passed are mostly desert areas. In such a dry place with little rain, how can there be rice and rice with subtropical climate?What’s more, most of the banquet dishes are Huaiyang dishes. What’s the matter?Masiki raised this question, and it has attracted a lot of attention.You should know that The Tang Monk in Journey to the West actually refers to the famous monk Xuanzang during the Zhenguan period of the Tang Dynasty. In 627, Xuanzang went to India alone and brought back more than 600 Buddhist sutras after several years, which further promoted the development of Buddhist culture in China.The Western Regions of tang Dynasty, written by his disciples and dictated by him, recorded in detail what he saw and heard along the way, as well as the lifestyles and cultural customs of more than 200 countries, city-states and nations.The records about northwest China in this book not only fill in the blank of official history geography and biography of western Regions, but also provide important data for the study of historical geography of India, Central Asia and South Asia.Later, the story of Xuanzang’s journey to the west was added to with the unexpected publication of a book called The Life of master Trizang in The Great Ci ‘en Temple of tang Dynasty.Since then, the story of Tang Seng’s sutras has spread in the streets and been adapted into novels, plays and other forms.The book Journey to the West is re-created on the basis of various folk legends, scripts and operas.Now that we know the origin of Journey to the West, let’s take a look at The question posed by Ma Siqi: Why is the food in Journey to the West so monotonous and scarce?First of all, we need to make it clear that the creation of literary works is closely related to the author’s life experience and historical background.Mention the author of Journey to the West, I believe that everyone’s mind is the same name – Wu Cheng ‘en.Figure 6 in Shan Yang Zhi Yi, a scholar of The Qing Dynasty, Wu Yu Juan said: “In Jiajing, Wu Gong Sheng Cheng ‘en, styled Ruzhong, alias She-yang Shan ren……And read “Huai Xian Wen mu”, “Journey to the West” for Mr.It is also the earliest record about the author of Journey to the West discovered so far.Therefore, wu Cheng ‘en, who was born in Huaiyang, is the author of this strange book, which has become the general consensus of the current academic circle.This can also explain why Huaiyang cuisine is frequently featured in the original journey to the West, since the author was originally from Huaian, Jiangsu province.Wu Cheng ‘en was born in the middle and late Ming Dynasty. His father was a merchant. He had hoped that his son would one day become famous in the exams and bring glory to his family, so he was named Cheng ‘en.He did not live up to his father’s expectations. He was clever and studious since he was a child, but he was most interested in all kinds of strange novels.However, his official career was not smooth. From the 10th year of Jiaqing to the 16th year of Jiajing, he took part in the imperial examination three times, and all of them failed to win the title of Sun Shan.After 21 years of jiajing, he finished the first draft of Journey to the West at home.Experts replied, confirming the mistake. Wu Cheng ‘en, who had been studying in the Imperial College in Nanjing for 29 years, got a chance to become a tribute student. A year later, he became the governor of Xinye County in Henan province.Because he is upright, do official incorruptible, do not want to collude with others, carry out the policy that is beneficial to the country and the people.Jiajing 37 years, because he was falsely accused, disheartened under a poor resigned home.Frustrated in his official career and poor life, he became aware of the darkness of the society, and all of his gloomy and unhappy feelings were expressed through fantastical and grotesque novels.Fig.7 Didn’t Wu Cheng ‘en find this loophole about food when he wrote this book?Lou Hansong, dean of the College of Humanities at Zhejiang University, said wu is not to blame, as his era doomed his works to have some flaws.Wu cheng ‘en was an incorruptible official, and even poorer after he resigned. Many of the plots in the novel are drawn from folklore and opera, so there are inevitably some loopholes.Moreover, since the founding of the Ming Dynasty, the prohibition of the sea was enforced, and the people at that time had almost no way to know about the situation in other countries. Wu Cheng ‘en was no different.Because he was located in Jiangsu province and served in Henan and other central plains when he was an official, there was no great difference in food culture. Therefore, the food culture of the countries in the Western Regions under his writing was almost the same as that of the people in the Ming Dynasty, and the banquet was mainly huaiyang cuisine.Although there are some loopholes and shortcomings in Journey to the West, it is still a remarkable work that cannot be overshadowed by flaws.From journey to the West, we can see that the author describes all the tastes of the world in a humorous and grotesque way, and there is also some bitter irony in the depths of his words.He is a thought-provoking writer who skillfully combines criticism and myth in a playful way.This book not only opened up a new category of full-length chapters and supernatural novels, but also directly affected the development of satirical novels.After this, numerous writers in the Ming Dynasty began to devote themselves to the creation of magic novels.FIG. 8 It is not only a classic work of Chinese magic novels, but also a masterpiece of romanticism and a pioneer of magic realism in the history of world literature.Ma siqi’s question was not only answered by experts, but also publicly praised by many experts, and many netizens got to know this thoughtful and courageous little girl.Inspired by this incident, Masiki began to try to send some of her notes and essays to children’s publications.Fortunately, many of her works were accepted, and she experienced the achievement of intellectual achievement at an early age.Not only that, but her writing ability improved year by year as she read more.Three years ago, she entered for a national composition contest for primary and secondary school students.Sure enough, she advanced to the final very smoothly, and she also won the special prize of the sixth composition contest by virtue of a composition of “Physical Education — Visceral story”.Commenting on her essay, the judges said: “Clear thinking, detailed content and full of childlike fun…”After winning the special prize, she also received a corresponding bonus of 10,000 yuan.By the end of the competition, Masiki had become a popular student at school, and her classmates began borrowing her reading notes.Ma Siqi is undoubtedly a model for many people to follow, because she not only has the perseverance to read and make unremitting progress, but also has the courage to question.With the rapid development of modern science and technology, the pace of people’s life is becoming faster and faster, but people living in the city lack of time to settle down.The ancients said: read ten thousand books, travel ten thousand miles.Many people are eager to satisfy their spiritual needs, but can only be surrounded by crowds of people.Instead of aimlessly searching, settle down and learn to read.